What is Early Childhood Education and Why It is Important?

Embarking on a journey of growth and development, early childhood education (ECE) stands as the crucial foundation for young learners. This vital stage plays a pivotal role in preparing children for primary school. Even though One World International School (OWIS) Riyadh doesn’t offer ECE classes, we understand the paramount importance of early education in building a strong academic and social base for children.

In the vibrant, multicultural landscape of Riyadh, where families from around the world converge, the significance of ECE transcends cultural boundaries. Early childhood education is universally acknowledged as essential for fostering trust and forming bonds among children, their peers, and teachers. It serves as a common ground that unites families from diverse backgrounds, emphasizing the global perspective that education is a shared journey.

Early childhood education and its meaning

Early childhood covers formal and informal education that is imperative for the growth and development of young learners. This stage of education is also known as preschool, daycare, nursery school, or pre-kindergarten. 

Regardless of what they are known as, Early Childhood Education (ECE) programs prepare a child for primary school. Early childhood education is considered essential across schools in Riyadh as children learn how to trust and develop bonds with their peers and teachers during this time. ECE programs combine multiple activities to enhance a child’s social and cognitive development before they advance to higher levels. 

Important factors in early childhood development:

  • Family Influence

Family plays a significant role in a child’s social and psychological growth. By introducing a child to an early learning experience, family members can jumpstart earlier development of their intellectual functioning.

  • Environment

The physical and social environment in which a child grows significantly influences their development. A healthy and positive environment fosters more appetite for learning, growth, and exploration.

  • Learning

Exposure to more learning opportunities will aid a child’s mental, social, emotional, and intellectual development. A child who learns from an early age can practice what they learn in more aspects of their life when growing up.

Role of the Teacher in Early Childhood Education

Teachers (during early childhood education) guide children and present exciting methods for them to learn. At preschool, children have a hard time focusing and staying engaged but with experiential learning, their interest can be piqued.  

At this stage, teachers mainly observe how children learn and play to identify effective teaching methods. Then they find a way that resonates with them and builds their social interaction with peers, teachers, and parents. In addition, an ECE teacher has to communicate with parents, school admins, and other staff to help them understand children.

Role of parents in Early Childhood Education

Responsive parenting fosters greater cognitive and social skill development in children than anything else. Parents can provide a lifelong foundation for their child’s learning with affection, warmth, and engagement. Parental involvement determines how a child’s lessons from school transition to real-world experiences. ECE teachers create communication lines with parents to create a reliable collaboration that improves a child’s learning abilities. 

Importance of Early Childhood Education


  • Helps lay a foundation for children to do better in school and beyond. The first six years are most crucial for development.     
  • It provides a positive environment for children and provides a roadmap towards building stronger relationships as they grow. Research shows that ECE and development dictate their success in school and beyond. 
  • Teachers can identify learning problems early on and identify ways to solve them. This allows parents to be in the know before their child advances to kindergarten and primary school. 
  • Builds positive life experiences for kids bearing in mind they will learn to view things from a different perspective regardless of the situation. As they grow, they become more confident with greater self-esteem.
  • Sows the seeds that shape their identity, which is further developed through interaction with peers and teachers at school. 
  • Builds solid relationships among children, parents, and teachers. This helps identify better ways to relate with them.
  • Prepares kids for success in school by focusing on improving their learning abilities. ECE can greatly impact how kids perform once they start formal schooling and give them a head start of sorts. This is because they would have learned how to listen, pay attention, and speak in class. 

7 Benefits of Early Childhood Education

Young children learn quicker when they are keen, and their minds absorb and retain things at a higher rate. Early childhood education considers these aspects to build a solid foundation for better all-round development. Moreover, early childhood programs also mold children to impact society positively.

Developing Independence

Before their school admissions, childhood education gives children time to stay away from their primary caregivers at home: parents, babysitters, or guardians. ECE places them in a new environment that builds their confidence and acclimatizes them to staying away from home. This in turn, enables them to tap into their self-regulation skills like sharing, concentration, and turn-taking.

Creating New Routines

The early childhood curriculum presents children with new routines outside the home environment. These routines are beneficial for improving emotional and cognitive development in children. For example, they will stop throwing tantrums as they adapt to spending their days in school. In addition, teachers can combine various activities that accommodate their needs to create a smooth transition between home and schooling.

Preparation for Primary School

The importance of early childhood development lies primarily in preparing a child for primary school. Moreover, early childhood development also prepares children for formal and informal learning through activities that simplify the transition. As kids transition to kindergarten and other classes, they will feel more comfortable, relaxed, and motivated to learn. 


Children need to meet their peers and build bonds from an early age. ECE plays a significant role in helping them socialize and motivates them to reach out to each other. These interactions are necessary for building empathy and cooperation.

Value of Education

Introduction to early childhood education helps children understand the value of learning. Teachers and parents are role models who build on kids’ real-life experiences. In addition, a preschool environment gives the learners a new perspective on education and how it shapes their schooling journey.


The importance of the environment in ECE demonstrates to children that collective effort always achieves results. Teachers give learners tasks and activities to complete as a team. With each child knowing what part they play, they understand how to take turns and observe. Teamwork also instills respect for other people’s efforts while fostering cooperation and equality.

Also Read: Play-based Learning in Early Childhood and its Importance

Exposure to Diversity

Exposing a child to diversity is among the biggest benefits of ECE. Children will be meeting new people besides their families and caregivers. This exposure helps in childhood development by helping them understand cultural differences. As a result, they will grow up as compassionate, caring, and well-rounded society members.

At OWIS Riyadh, the commitment to international education goes beyond specific age brackets. Our ethos embraces a global mindset, fostering an environment where children, regardless of their starting point, are equipped with the skills and mindset to thrive in an interconnected world.

OWIS Riyadh Communications Team
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